Introduction to Knowledge from another perspective
Because the word knowledge is one of the most contentious topics people debate on (and for many thousand years), and it seems like a never ending discussion, I will include here a base for reasoning for us to be able to start somewhere with a solid reasoning foundation.
A Base for Reasoning
"All our ideas should produce good and lasting results and then anything that is good now would have been good in the past and it will be good in the future and it will be good under any circumstances, so any idea that does not cover all this broad base IS NO GOOD.
To be right, one's thought will have to be based on natural facts, for really, Mother Nature ONLY can tell what is right and what is wrong and the way that things should be.
My definition of right is that right is anything in nature that exists without artificial modification and all the others are wrong.
Now suppose you would say it is wrong. In that case, I would say YOU are wrong yourself because you came into this world through natural circumstances that YOU HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH and so as long as such a thing exists as yourself, I am right and you are wrong.
Only those are right whose thoughts are BASED on natural facts and inclinations."( Edward Leedskalnin, “A book in every home”, 1936)
In this line, Mother Nature teaches us that our brain (the place where knowledge resides) is divided into two hemispheres. Right and left. The right side of the brain handles intuitive knowledge ( Mona Lisa Md Phd Schulz, Awakening intuition - April 20, 1998), while the left side handles rational knowledge. (Fink, Marshall, Nature vol 382, p 626).)
Right Brain vs. Left Brain
This theory of the structure and functions of the mind suggests that the two different sides of the brain control two different "modes" of thinking. It also suggests that each of us prefers one mode over the other. Modern society (Western) today educates children focusing on the left side (Intellect) over the right side (Humanistic, arts) .
Experimentation (Fink, Marshall) has shown that the two different sides, or hemispheres, of the brain are responsible for different manners of thinking. The following table illustrates the differences between left-brain and right-brain thinking:
Left Brain Right Brain
Looks at parts Looks at wholes
Most individuals have a distinct preference for one of these styles of thinking. Some, however, are more whole-brained and equally adept at both modes and many cases researches have found geniuses to be the ones using both sides. In general, schools tend to favor left-brain modes of thinking, while downplaying the right-brain ones. Left-brain scholastic subjects focus on logical thinking, analysis, and accuracy. Right-brained subjects, on the other hand, focus on aesthetics, feeling, and creativity." (www.funderstanding.com, 2005)
Intuitive knowledge: Intuitive knowledge is viewed as insight that comes directly in dreams/images, gut feelings; those dreams are made of images. Here are some excerpts from the Internet; Intuition: way of knowing directly; immediate apprehension. The Greeks understood intuition to be the grasp of universal principles by the intelligence (nous), as distinguished from the fleeting impressions of the senses. The distinction used by the Greeks implied the superiority of intellectual intuitions over information received by the senses. Christian thinkers made a distinction between intuitive and discursive knowledge: God and angels know directly (intuitively) what men reach by reasoning. A person who has an intuitive opinion can not fully explain why he or she holds that view. Intuition is an unconscious form of knowledge. It is immediate and not open to rational/analytical thought processes. It differs from instinct, which does not have the experience element. An important intuitive method is brainstorming.
Rational knowledge: Please jump to basic concepts section.
1- There are two types (Forms) of knowledge, based on our brain.
Rational knowledge - Left hemisphere
Intuitive knowledge.- Right hemisphere.
We'll look deeper into rational knowledge and how it gets generated in the next sections.